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Research Programs (FY2008)

The Center for International Public Policy Studies (CIPPS) conducted research in three main areas in FY2008.

1. International Affairs and Diplomacy Issues
2. The Environmental Issues
3. Domestic Structural Reform Issues

International Affairs and Diplomacy Issues

(1) Research on Water Issues in China and Asia

Much of the water in the Himalayan mountain system passes through Tibet and then travels through China and the nations of Southeast and South Asia. Water management is a key issue for Asian nations, and the CIPPS joins hands with Chinese research institutes to study comprehensive water strategies for Asia and delivers proposals to the leaders of these nations. Water resources have the potential to become a bottleneck in China's economic development, and the CIPPS seeks to develop Japan-China cooperation that employs Japanese technology to promote the efficient use of water resources.

(2) Research on the Security Framework in Iran and the Middle East

Iran is isolated from the international community today due to nuclear and other issues. The CIPPS exchanges opinions and conducts joint research with Iranian and U.S. research institutes with an eye to developing a way for Iran to rejoin the international community and improving U.S.-Iran relations in particular. Our research results are offered to government.

(3) Strengthening of Ties with India through Energy and Environment Measures

India stands among the BRIC nations, which are promising markets for Japanese business. Joining hands with private research institutes in India, the CIPPS conducts research centered on energy and environmental measures in India. Our research results are offered to government and industry.

(4) Research on Emergency Preparedness Scenarios and Responses in Relation to the Korean Peninsula

There are concerns that an emergency situation in North Korea would impact Japan and South Korea in a variety of ways. The CIPPS conducts joint research with Korean experts on the kinds of emergency response systems Japan and South Korea should have in place. Our research results are offered to the South Korean and Japanese governments.

(5) Research on Responses to Resource Issues (Food, Energy, Mineral, and Other Resources)

Creating a network with research institutes in the resource-rich countries of Russia and Brazil as well as the nations of the Middle East, Central Asia, and Africa, the CIPPS conducts joint research and exchanges views with private-sector organizations. We provide proposals and support for the Japanese government's resource diplomacy.


The Environmental Issues

(6) Research on the Transfer of Low-Carbon Technologies to Industrializing Countries and Strategies for Developing Innovative Technologies

It is clear that technology transfer is important, but the fact is that a concrete policy for technology transfer has yet to be proposed. The CIPPS studies proposals for systems, including incentives and financial support for industrializing nations, and proposals for technology provision and cost sharing by corporations in industrialized nations. In the area of innovative technologies, we are researching measures to promote innovation and examining the effectiveness of promotion frameworks, including setting up a mitigation committee.

(7) Research on the Post-2012 Framework

The CIPPS takes inventory of the proposals for the post-2012 framework based on the Bali Action Plan now under discussion and evaluates the various proposals from the perspective of their impact on Japan (economy and society) and their effectiveness in reducing greenhouse gases (the environment). The various proposals studied include extending the Kyoto Protocol, setting national reduction goals that are the compilation of targets for individual sectors, and shifting the emissions calculation method from the current production-based approach (where emissions are calculated at the point of greenhouse gas production) to a consumption-based approach (where emissions are calculated at the point of the final consumption of goods).

(8) Research on Emissions Trading Schemes

The CIPPS performs research on carbon leakage and competitiveness, key issues accompanying the introduction of emissions trading on a trial basis which was cited in the Fukuda Vision. We also study border tax adjustments which are being considered mainly by Western countries, linkage with other emissions trading schemes, as well as emissions trading and technological innovation. We conduct analyses of the European Union Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS), including both its past record and current status. We aim to make proposals from the perspective of the sustainable growth of the Japanese economy and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.


Domestic Structural Reform Issues

(9) Research on the Reform of Government Operations

Recognizing the independence and revitalization of local governments as a key element in maintaining the sustainability of Japanese society, the CIPPS aims to make proposals regarding the reform of conventional government operations, such as the uniform administration and subsidy-focused industrial policies of the central government, and propose frameworks where local governments can break free from their dependence on the central government and proactively take decisions and actions.

(10) Research on the Social Security System

Japan's population today is decreasing in number and is aging with the decline in the birthrate. With an eye to ensuring the sustainability of the social security system in such a society, the CIPPS promotes research on the reorganization of pension, healthcare, nursing care, welfare, and employment benefits and of tax and insurance premium burdens. We also study the redesign of these areas to create rational systems. Moreover, we conduct research on infrastructure improvements to efficiently and appropriately allocate the limited resources.

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