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Research Programs (FY2009-2011)

The Center for International Public Policy Studies (CIPPS) conducts research in four main areas.

1. World Economic Issues
2. International Affairs and Diplomacy Issues
3. The Environmental Issues
4. Domestic Structural Reform Issues

World Economic Issues

The worldwide freeze on funding is having an increasingly serious impact on the real economy. The CIPPS investigates the questions of when the world economy will recover, what kind of path it will take in its recovery, and how society will change after the recovery, and also studies the optimal response for Japan to take.

(1) Optimal Design of Financial Functions

World attention is focused on how many years it will take to stabilize the U.S. financial system and restore its financial functions. The CIPPS conducts studies centered on financial functions with an eye to developing measures to return the macroeconomy to a sustainable growth path.

(2) Trends in the U.S. Housing Market and the Impact on the World Economy

The collapse of the U.S. housing bubble and the outbreak of the subprime mortgage crisis triggered a worldwide financial crisis. The CIPPS researches the recovery trends in the U.S. housing market and the impact on financial capital markets and the real economy.

(3) "Coalition of the Willing" among Japanese Companies to Seek Sustainable Growth

The CIPPS conducts research on the creation of a framework for Japan’s private sector to spearhead a scheme to encourage investment that will lead to medium- and long-term growth while harnessing Japan’s unique characteristics.

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International Affairs and Diplomacy Issues

By conducting high-level consultations with senior officials and experts in nations around the world as well as engaging in dialogue and joint research with leading local think tanks using its global network, the CIPPS promotes activities with the aim of releasing new information and making policy proposals.

(1) Water Issues in China and India

Management of water in the Himalayan mountain system is a critical issue for China, India, and Southeast Asian nations. With an eye to promoting regional stability, the CIPPS studies the region’s efficient use of water resources through technological cooperation from Japan.

(2) Security Framework in Iran and the Middle East

Key to security in the Middle East is Iran’s reintegration into the international community. The CIPPS supports the building of bridges between the U.S. and Iran from the position of a private-sector think tank and studies the framework for reintegration.

(3) CIPPS Dispatch of Overseas Business Delegations and Research on a World Economy Centered on the BRICs

Recovery of the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) and other newly emerging economies holds the key to the recovery of the world economy overall. In addition to sending business delegations to these areas, the CIPPS is researching the present situation and future outlook of the BRIC economies as well as the changes in the structure of the world economy.

(4) Development and Environmental Protection in the Russian Far East and Siberia

Regional development in the Russian Far East and Siberia is a major issue that must be overcome for the modernization of Russia. The CIPPS engages in research on development appropriate for the 21st century, one which balances development and environmental protection.

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The Environmental Issues

The CIPPS takes the various schemes now under discussion to tackle global warming and conducts quantitative evaluations of them from the perspectives of the economy, environment, and technological innovation. The CIPPS also researches a framework and system to create a low-carbon society and studies a domestic system toward building a smooth innovation process with a focus on research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D).

(1) Post-2012 Framework

Various proposals have been made for the post-2012 framework, including extending the Kyoto Protocol and setting national reduction goals that are the compilation of targets for individual sectors. The CIPPS evaluates the frameworks now under discussion and makes proposals regarding the optimal framework.

(2) Technology Transfer Strategies

It is clear that technology transfer will play an important role in realizing a low-carbon society, but the fact remains that no concrete proposals have yet been made regarding actual transfer policies. The CIPPS develops proposals for incentives, funding, and other systems in relation to industrializing nations, and proposals for technology provision and cost sharing in relation to corporations in industrialized nations.

(3) Technology Innovation Strategies

To successfully halve greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, industrialized countries are required to reduce their emissions by more than 80 percent of their current levels. The CIPPS conducts research on strategies to promote innovation related to low-carbon technologies to realize this major reduction.

(4) Japanese Green New Deal

The CIPPS conducts research with the aim of making proposals regarding a Japanese Green New Deal, including a proposal on the division of roles between the public and private sectors, as a strategy for sustainable economic growth and an employment policy.

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Domestic Structural Reform Issues

The independence and revitalization of regions and local governments are key to maintaining the sustainability of Japanese society. The system where authority is concentrated on the central government and policies are led by the public sector has reached its limit, as shown by the difficulties encountered by the uniform administration of policies and the subsidy-focused industrial policies of the central government. The CIPPS conducts research toward the review and streamlining of the functions performed by Japan’s central government.

(1) Japan’s Governance System and Political Functions

Recognizing that it would be optimal for Japan to adopt a framework that accepts that hardship may accompany structural reform and that emphasizes ongoing corrections and improvements, the CIPPS examines the functions and organizational governance of the Diet and Cabinet as well as of the central government ministries and agencies.

(2) Policy Reform to Make Agriculture into a Sustainable Industry

With an eye to promoting the revitalization of Japan’s agriculture by shedding the concept that regulations must be enforced uniformly nationwide, the CIPPS examines the special zones for structural reform as case studies and conducts research on what steps should be taken to revitalize agriculture and how the process should be implemented.

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